Plenary Session : Our universal right to peace is so much more than a claim to live free from conflict. Peace encompasses the reconciliation and prevention of conflict, but it further embraces the holistic promotion of universal access to natural resources (including food, water and energy), to inclusive and equitable education and health provision, and to the opportunities created by a growing global economy, increasing innovation, and the digital transformation of our world. Building and sustaining peace, in the face of geopolitical turmoil and growing inequality, prejudice, poverty and insecurity, are imperative to securing a durable future for our planet and our people.”.
“Our definition of peace is at the core of the Sustainable Development Agenda (Agenda 2030), both as a vital threshold condition for development, and as a development outcome in its own right. The attainment and sustainment of peace are responsibilities for all, and for scientists and science-policymakers never more so. Scientists have a vital role to play in:
the promotion and provision of evidence-based policy, working with policymakers and practitioners to ensure robust, effective policies and good governance, so that governments and institutions are informed and held accountable;
providing sustainable solutions to major and wide-ranging global challenges – not least in the management of natural resources – as ineffective policies fuel greater division, social discord and, ultimately, conflict;
promoting and shaping science education to foster equal opportunity, and to inform and empower all citizens;
building a more secure and resilient world that is predisposed to peace between nations and within societies, and in rebuilding broken societies where natural or human catastrophic events have prevailed to create rifts and inequalities.
The core scientific principles of rationality, transparency and universality are essential to building peace, promoting equality and engendering hope. Plenary 1 will explore the definition and application of “science for peace”, particularly in relation to Agenda 2030, notably, Sustainable Development Goal 16 (“promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies”) – which it may be argued is a pre-requisite for all the other goals. The session will explore the opportunities and challenges faced by the global science community in applying science for peace. In doing so, it will establish a narrative for the rest of the World Science Forum through seven other plenaries and supporting thematic sessions and side events".
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world.
The SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which started a global effort in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty. The MDGs established measurable, universally-agreed objectives for tackling extreme poverty and hunger, preventing deadly diseases, and expanding primary education to all children, among other development priorities.
For 15 years, the MDGs drove progress in several important areas: reducing income poverty, providing much needed access to water and sanitation, driving down child mortality and drastically improving maternal health. They also kick-started a global movement for free primary education, inspiring countries to invest in their future generations. Most significantly, the MDGs made huge strides in combatting HIV/AIDS and other treatable diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
These 17 Goals build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals, while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are interconnected – often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues more commonly associated with another.
The SDGs work in the spirit of partnership and pragmatism to make the right choices now to improve life, in a sustainable way, for future generations. They provide clear guidelines and targets for all countries to adopt in accordance with their own priorities and the environmental challenges of the world at large. The SDGs are an inclusive agenda. They tackle the root causes of poverty and unite us together to make a positive change for both people and planet.