Launched in the early 1970s, the Man and the Biosphere Programme is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme aiming to set a scientific basis for the improvement of the relationships between people and their environment globally. UNESCO-MAB.
For implementation of its interdisciplinary work on-ground, MAB relies on the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, and on thematic networks and partnerships for knowledge-sharing, research and monitoring, education and training, and participatory decision-making. It’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently counts 621 biosphere reserves in 117 countries all over the world.
The main MAB governing body, the International Co-ordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme, usually referred to as the MAB Council or ICC, consists of 34 Member States elected by UNESCO's biennial General Conference.
UNESCO's ecology-related MAB Programme focuses on an interdisciplinary research agenda spanning the ecological, social and economic dimensions of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development International MAB Secretariat.